WASHINGTON (CNN) — Secretary of State John Kerry heads to Geneva on Thursday for a high-stakes meeting with his Russian counterpart that could conceivably tip the balance on whether the United States strikes Syria militarily over alleged chemical weapons use.
Kerry will meet with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov to discuss the specifics of Moscow’s plan that would put Syria’s chemical stockpiles under international control, described as a difficult but momentous step that would nullify the threat of weapons of mass destruction and diffuse the crisis.
In his address to the nation on Tuesday, President Barack Obama said he was willing to test the seriousness and feasibility of the proposal before resuming his push for a vote in Congress on whether to authorize force to punish the Syrian regime led by Bashar al-Assad over an alleged poison gas attack last month the United States says killed more than 1,400 people.
Kerry will take the lead in dealing with the Russians, Obama said.
“It’s too early to tell whether this offer will succeed and any agreement must verify that the Assad regime keeps its commitments,” Obama said in his prime-time speech to a war-weary public that is skeptical of another military venture in the Middle East.
“But this initiative has the potential to remove the threat of chemical weapons without the use of force, particularly because Russia is one of Assad’s strongest allies,” he added.
‘Verifiable process’ required
Kerry’s goal over two days in Geneva is to “hear from the Russians” about their ideas and “to assess whether they will meet our requirements for the final disposition of Assad’s chemical weapons,” State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said.
Kerry and Lavrov spoke on Wednesday to discuss the matter, officials said. No details of their conversation were disclosed.
Russian officials have submitted a plan to the United States, Russia’s Itar-Tass news agency reported Wednesday, citing a Russian diplomatic source.
White House spokesman Jay Carney said that conversations were taking place and papers exchanged with Russia, but that he was unaware of a full formal proposal.
“I think we’re not at the stage of putting down public pieces of paper,” he said.
Separately, the United States, France, and Britain discussed a U.N. Security Council draft resolution, according to a spokesman for British Prime Minister David Cameron.
The council — comprised of permanent members the United States, China, France, Britain and Russia — were scheduled to meet on Wednesday, a U.N. diplomat said.
Administration officials have not disclosed how long the window for a diplomatic solution will remain open.
How long window open?
But Sen. Dick Durbin said following Obama’s meeting this week with Senate Democrats that the president asked asked lawmakers “for some time to work things out — a matter of days into next week.” Though another Senate Democrat said it could take weeks.
Carney said “it obviously will take some time” to assess if there is tangible progress.
Psaki offered more near-term detail.
“In this stage of the process, our goal here is to test the seriousness of this proposal, to talk about the specifics of how this would get done, what are the mechanics of identifying, verifying, securing, and ultimately destroying the chemical weapons,” she said.
Members of Congress will watch Kerry’s trip closely for a sense of Obama’s next move following weeks of beating the drum for military action against Syria.
“If diplomacy fails, he’s painted himself into a corner,” Sen. Lindsey Graham told CNN after Obama’s speech. “The leader of the free world can’t say all these things at the end of the day and do nothing.”
Senior State Department officials have cautioned that negotiations over the proposed deal may not conclude after the scheduled round of talks in Geneva. The plan would be to take any final deal to the United Nations Security Council to be formalized in a resolution.
Outcome far from certain
While Obama has asked Congress to hold off for the moment on considering a military strike, he did say that he had ordered the armed forces to maintain its posture in the region “to keep the pressure on Assad.”
Obama has said the operation would be targeted, limited and not involve U.S. ground forces. The goal would be to degrade al-Assad’s ability to use chemical weapons.
The path to any vote in the Security Council remains far from certain. Russian President Vladimir Putin has said that any action there with the looming threat of military action could result in a Russian veto.
Analysts say Kerry has his work cut out for him.
“I think it’s unlikely the Russian government is going to relent on this issue of whether or not it would support the use of force in a security council resolution,” Nicholas Burns, a former senior State Department official now at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government told CNN.
“They’ve been consistent since day one of the Syrian crisis that they did not want to see the United States or anyone else use force. I think that’s one of the ambitions the Russians have going into this negotiation in Geneva,” he added.